Eighty four percent of women are confident the gender wage gap exists, but 37% of men are not sure of, or do not believe, there is a gender pay gap. When in doubt, data can tell a story that supersedes one's opinion.
Whether you’re unsure if the gender pay gap is real or want to quantify how wide it really is, read on for 10 gender wage gap statistics that show just how much work there is to be done.
1. Women earn 83 cents for every dollar men earn
Women in the United States earn 17% less than men, costing them $407,760 over the course of a 40-year career.
The gender pay gap varies by occupation and industry. For example, women in the legal profession earn 63 cents for every dollar earned by men, and women in the Finance and Insurance industry earn 77 cents to the dollar.
2. AANHPI women earn 75 cents for every dollar white men earn
Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AANHPI) women earn 25% less than white, non-Hispanic men in the United States. This translates to an annual median loss of $12,600 that adds up to hundreds of thousands of dollars over the course of their careers.
That pay gap narrows to 5% for full-time, year round workers — but certain communities face a much wider gender pay gap. For example, Burmese women earn 52 cents for every dollar white men earn, Nepali women earn 54 cents, and Tongan women earn 60 cents.
Read More: AANHPI Women's Equal Pay Day
3. Black women earn 64 cents for every dollar white men earn
Black women earn 36% less than white, non-Hispanic men. When you look at only full-time, year round workers, that pay gap narrows to 33% — costing Black women $1,891 per month, $22,692 per year, and $907,680 over the course of a 40-year career.
This contributes to the racial wealth gap, impacting Black women and families for generations. Single Black women own $200 in wealth for every $28,900 single white men own. White families have 8x the wealth of Black families and are nearly 3x more likely than Black families to receive an inheritance.
4. Latinas earn 54 cents for every dollar white men earn
Latinas earn 46% less than white men. Median earnings for a Latina are $30,551 compared to $57,005 for a white, non-Hispanic man — accounting for a $26,454 difference each year.
The wage gap for Latinas varies widely by location. Latinas lose an average of $1.2 million in income over the course of their lifetime, but Latinas in the District of Columbia lose over $2 million.
5. Native American women earn 51 cents for every dollar white men earn
The Native American women’s wage gap varies by many factors, including education level — though not in the way you’d expect. The wage gap for Native American women widens as they earn degrees. Native American women with a high school diploma experience a 36% wage gap compared to white men. Native American women with a Bachelor’s degree experience a 41% pay gap and those with an advanced degree experience a 43% gap.
6. Mothers earn 58 cents for every dollar fathers earn
Working mothers earn 42% less than working fathers.
The “motherhood penalty,” in which a mom’s wages fail to keep up with their peers when they have a child, is 15% of her income per child under age 5. This penalty can’t be explained by other factors like seniority or education and costs moms an estimated $161,000 to $600,000.
The motherhood penalty varies by race:
- Black and Native American mothers face a 20% motherhood penalty
- Latina mothers see an 18% penalty
- Asian mothers experience a 13% penalty
- White mothers have a 10% penalty
7. The controlled gender wage gap shows women earn 99 cents for every dollar men earn
The gender wage gap shrinks when controlled for things like job title, years of experience, industry, location, and other factors — but it doesn’t close. Women still only earn 99 cents, on average, for every dollar men earn for similar roles. In fact, women are offered lower salaries than men for the same job title at the same company 62% of the time.
The controlled wage gap is wider in some positions, including veterinarians, where women are paid 10% less than men. That equates to a $102,000 average salary for men, and a $91,300 average salary for women.
8. Executive-level women earn 73 cents for every dollar men earn
The gender wage gap widens as women progress in their careers. The uncontrolled wage gap shows that women in executive roles earn 73 cents for every dollar a man earns, while the controlled wage gap is 95 cents.
Native American and Alaskan women at the executive level face a wider wage gap, earning 61 cents for every dollar white men earn. Even when controlled for compensable factors, Native American and Alaskan executive-level women earned 89 cents for every dollar earned by white men.
9. Women in the LGBTQ+ community earn 87 cents for every dollar the typical worker earns
Women in the LGBTQ+ community experience an average 13% wage gap, though intersectionality creates additional disparities:
- LGBTQ+ Latinx women earn about 72 cents for every dollar that the typical worker earns
- LGBTQ+ Black women earn 85 cents for every dollar that the typical worker earns
- Transgender women earn about 60 cents for every dollar the typical worker earns
10. 28% of women have found that they were being paid less than a male colleague
One in four workers (23%) have learned that a colleague of a different gender was paid more—even though they had the same job and level of experience. This was more common among women (28%) than men (19%).
When workers learned of a pay disparity, 19% talked to other employees about it and 27% started looking for a new job.
Final thoughts on gender wage gap statistics
The data clearly shows the gender wage gap is real, and problematic. The uncontrolled wage gap shows the impact of women largely being hired into low-paying roles and industries. Meanwhile, many of their male peers are being offered higher starting salaries, being hired into better paying industries, and moving into leadership roles.
Further, the controlled gender wage gap is a clear signal of the biases that creep into the workplace and affect people from underrepresented groups. A great way to fight this inequity is with data. Track compensation metrics to watch for these biases playing out on your own team, and take steps to correct them during your regular compensation cycles. With conscious effort, you can achieve and maintain pay equity within your organization—and it's long overdue.
You May Also Like
These Related Stories